Many cockroaches are unpleasant, especially those living in houses – they carry the infection, spoil everything …
In order to once again draw the attention of the public and officials to this legal incident, we publish excerpts from a letter from 77-year-old Tatyana Alekseevna Ivankova, Art. scientific. sotr. NRC "Kurchatov Institute" GosNIIgenetics, addressed to the President of the Russian Federation and employees of the Pension Fund.
Statement of the Club "July 1" on the RFBR (September 9, 2019) (p. 7)Club "July 1"The July 1 Club is extremely concerned about the information that has appeared in the media about the forthcoming reorganization of the RFBR. Particularly perplexing is the false information that "the scientific community is discussing the prospects for the reorganization of Russian scientific foundations." One gets the impression that they are going to make such an important decision behind the scenes, presenting the scientific community with a fait accompli.
Elections to the Moscow City Duma: Competition and Smart Voting (p. 8-9)Arkady LyubarevThe elections to the Moscow City Duma became, perhaps, the most interesting episode of the recent September campaign. Refusals to register iconic candidates, “smart voting” and the victory of the “ruling party” with a minimal margin – all this requires analysis. This article is one of the first attempts at such an analysis.
“The main thing is to achieve independence of judges” (pp. 10-11)Mikhail Biryukov; Natalia DeminaHow does the judicial and prosecutorial system see the person who worked inside it, and now speaks from the other side of the barrier? Is lustration of judges necessary? Natalia Demina spoke with Mikhail Biryukov, a lawyer working with OVD-Info, who this summer represented the interests of Yulia Galyamina, Ilya Yashin, Mikhail Svetov and other Moscow activists at court hearings and in special detention centers.
Phystech Lyceum paradox: causes and consequences (p. 11)Dmitry MaslovSeptember 2, 2019 Phystech Lyceum named after I. PL Kapitsa opened its doors in a new capacity: now it is called the ANOO Phystech Lyceum named after P. L. Kapitsa (ANOO – Autonomous Non-Profit Educational Organization). Now this educational organization has two founders – the Ministry of Education of the Moscow Region and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University). And yes, I almost forgot, a small trifle: a compulsory tuition fee has been introduced.
Memorandum of the Altai Forum of Russian-Speaking Compatriots Scientists (p. 12)Science and education in Russia are in a state of crisis, the reasons for which, along with a lack of funding, are also the incompetence and corruption of state institutions and officials involved in the development of policy documents and the distribution and management of resources allocated for the development of education and science in the country. A striking example of absurd management decisions was the recent order of the Ministry of Education and Science on interaction with foreign specialists.
Chips of History as a Subject of Dialogue (p. 12)Ivan KurillaSeptember 17, 2019 marks 80 years since the entry of the Red Army into Poland. The Soviet Union "took under protection" the fraternal peoples of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus (as stated in Soviet textbooks) and took part in the new partition of Poland (in accordance with the latest Polish historiography). At that moment, the USSR entered World War II in Europe (although there are adherents of other views on this date). It is easy to see that today’s heated debates are, for the most part, not about the facts of that period, but about their assessments.
The water harvester will quench your thirst even in the desert (p. 13)Arkady KuramshinResearchers at the University of California at Berkeley have come close to creating a compact water harvester that can extract the amount of liquid needed to sustain https://123helpme.me/ life directly from the air – even from the hot, dry air of the desert.
How about in China? (p. 13)A.K.We like to refer to the successful experience of China, which is rapidly developing in various fields of economy, science and technology, opposing it to the not entirely unambiguous post-Soviet experience of Russia. At the same time, they usually compare only clearly observed high results, almost completely ignoring the organizational mechanisms that contribute to the achievement of such results. Meanwhile, in order to better understand the reasons for success or failure, it makes sense to take a closer look at the mechanisms and try to compare them with the corresponding Russian ones.
Shagreen leather of Russian radiobiology – 2 (p. 14)L. M. RozhdestvenskyAbout eight months have passed since the publication of the first article under this title in TrV-Nauka. During this time, an event occurred that caused a resonance both in the media and among the population of the region where this event took place. Only the specialists remained silent. We are talking, of course, about the radiation incident in Severodvinsk, which resulted in death and damage to health from combined radiation and traumatic injury among the participants in the tests of a certain device …
Resident, tenant, lodger. How words go to rest (p. 14)Irina FufaevaRecently, in a group for renting apartments, a young journalist was surprised at the word "resident". And I remembered another strange thing – a friend, as my grandmother called her friend. The word buddy seems to have the same destiny – for some it is already old-fashioned. It always happens that way. Some words gradually disappear with the change of generations. This is one of the universal language changes. But here’s the paradox! – for some reason, people react much weaker to the departure of words than to their arrival.
Science DOES NOT accuse Egor (p. 15)Anna Levinzon, Valentina Apresyan, Nina Dobrushina, Anastasia Bonch-OsmolovskayaNovaya Gazeta published the text of the linguistic examination of video messages on YouTube by HSE student Yegor Zhukov. It was conducted by the Institute of Criminalistics of the Center for Special Technique of the FSB of Russia and signed by Cand. phys.-mat. Sciences Alexander Korshikov. Russian linguists did not stand aside, and two groups independently prepared two reviews of this examination. The authors of one of them – linguists from the Higher School of Economics Anna Levinzon, Valentina Apresyan, Nina Dobrushina and Anastasia Bonch-Osmolovskaya – answered the questions of TrV-Science.
Cherry Orchards (p. 15)Ivan EconomovThe government has an idea to create a single government complex in Moscow City, but this requires money. I don’t want to take money from the budget, so there was an idea to finance the creation of this complex at the expense of funds from the sale of released federal property – land plots and buildings. And now a list of such property is being compiled, some scientific organizations have also been included in the preliminary list. And now the academicians are frantically scribbling an open letter to the President of Russia …
Science Festival 2019 (p. 16)The 2019 Science Festival at the Darwin Museum is dedicated to the theme "Evolution Today" and is timed to coincide with the 210th anniversary of the great scientist Charles Darwin. The program includes a presentation of an interactive Neanderthal avatar, a master class on isolating DNA from a banana, a popular lecture on the molecules responsible for the origin of life on Earth, and a lesson dedicated to the most hardy organisms.
How to subscribe
announcement of the issue
Round dates: Energia – Buran and ISS (p. 1)Alexander KhokhlovOn November 15, 1988, with the help of the Energia super-heavy launch vehicle, the Buran orbital plane was launched into space on its only flight, and on November 20, 1998, the Proton-K launch vehicle launched the first module of the International Space Station into orbit – the functional cargo the Zarya block, which laid the foundation for the construction and operation of the largest extraterrestrial structure in the history of mankind. Both events are full of pride and tragedy for Russians.
"Buran" – a machine of global war (p. 2)Anton PervushinThirty years ago, on November 15, 1988, the space shuttle Buran made its first and last flight. It looked like a real technical miracle even for its time, so the refusal to further develop the project continues to raise questions. And somehow it is forgotten that for "Buran" there were no other tasks, except for the military.
General meeting of the NRO (p. 3)On November 16, 2018, at the Institute for Information Transmission Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IITP), a scientific seminar "Problems of Science Organization and Self-Organization of Scientists" was held, organized by the Interregional Society of Scientists (ONR) and IITP, at which A.R. Khokhlov (Vice President RAS), E. E. Onishchenko (FIAN, Deputy Chairman of the Trade Union of RAS Workers), A. V. Kuleshova (Chairman of the ANRI Ethics Council), A. A. Rostovtsev and A. V. Zayakin (Dissernet). At the end of the seminar, a general meeting of the ONR was held.
Build bridges (p. 4)Alexander Kabanov; Alexandra BorisovaProfessor Alexander Viktorovich Kabanov, director of the Center for Nanotechnology for Drug Delivery at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, became the new president of RASA – the Association of Russian Speaking Scientists in America. In an interview with TrV-Nauka, he spoke about the mission of the association, work with Russia and the cultural code of world-famous Russian scientists. Interviewed by Alexandra Borisova.
The 10 principles of the EU plan S (p. 5)Vladimir MoskovkinThe revolutionary initiative of the European Union for open access to scientific publications (OA2020 Initiative), discussed at the last XIII Berlin Open Access Conference, is now entering a decisive phase. The open access movement has received strong support from Science Europe’s Plan S (Plan S), launched on September 4, 2018, by the European Commission’s open access emissary Robert-Ian Smits. Already 13 national research funding organizations from 12 countries have agreed to implement the 10 principles of Plan S in a coordinated way.
Chronicles of the third "Meeting of the Enlighteners" (p. 6-7)Egor Zadereev, Alexander Sergeev, Maxim Borisov, Boris SternRussia has a living ecosystem of popularizers and educators. Its development is strongly influenced by state policy through specialized departments such as the Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health, state corporations and development institutions. Sometimes interaction with them is successful, but more often both sides are dissatisfied with each other, because there are a number of contradictions between them. How to overcome them? This became the topic of the panel discussion "The State and the Community of Popularizers: Big Illusions or Big Opportunities?"
Enlighteners, one in three persons (p. 8-9)Alexey OgnevOn November 15, the "Enlightener" award was presented. According to the precepts of Socrates, the tragic at the ceremony was intertwined with the comic: the audience not only learned how many civil wars are going on on the planet now, and heard who and why after the First World War dressed Christ in a gas mask and soldiers’ boots, but also watched artistic cartoons and got the hope to go through 100 km on skis. And the intrigue of the evening, which took place at the Moscow Theater of the Young Spectator, was the bold admission of the educators that they had never read the saga about a boy with a scar on his forehead in the form of a lightning …
Surprising reality (p. 10)Oleg VerkhodanovWho is Ian Stewart? He is truly an outstanding popularizer of mathematics, professor at the University of Warwick (UK). He is the author of dozens of popular science articles, five textbooks on mathematics. In addition, Ian Stewart co-writes science fiction novels with Jack Cohen. Among the famous works of Stewart, there are also many publicistic articles on mathematical problems in various fields of science. A curious creation by Ian Stewart, together with Terry Pratchett and Jack Cohen, is the book Discworld Science, containing a scientific discussion of the events in the utopian Discworld universe by Terry Pratchett, described by him in more than forty works.
On the back row between cats and dead geniuses (p. 11)Olga Orlova“We don’t know, and we are not ashamed” is the motto of the new educational project “Laba.media” (laba.media). Its creators set out to present a correct but popular project for a mass audience without special science education. Olga Orlova, co-founder of the Open Laboratory project and Laba.media employee.
Third second round from the fourth attempt (p. 11)Sergey ShpilkinOn Sunday, November 11, the unexpectedly prolonged electoral saga, which began on the single voting day on September 9, formally ended. Then, in four regions of the country – the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories, Khakassia and the Vladimir Region – it was not possible to elect governors from the first attempt: the candidates from the authorities did not collect 50% of the votes of the voters who took part in the voting. In the Khabarovsk Territory and the Vladimir Region, the story ended two weeks later in the second round of voting – and in both cases, incumbent governors lost to rivals from the Liberal Democratic Party.
Pulsars: prediction, discovery and recognition (p. 12)Alexey LevinThe discovery of pulsars was made possible by five researchers at the University of Cambridge, led by one of the pioneers and undisputed leaders of British radio astronomy, Anthony Hewish. They worked on a radio telescope-interferometer, built in 1967 according to his original design. Hewish planned to use the new telescope to scan the sky in detail. His main goal was to find quasars, which had been discovered four years earlier but have not yet been explained. Among his assistants in assembling the telescope’s multi-dipole antenna array was 24-year-old graduate student Jocelyn Bell.
Will seismology interfere with big politics? (p. 13) Mikhail RodkinFirst, a brief background. The laws governing the distribution of hydrocarbon (HC) reserves around the planet are, in fact, unknown, but this distribution is very uneven. Basically, hydrocarbons were concentrated in the Arab countries and in several other regions (Russia, Venezuela, etc.). Thanks to this and in connection with the enormous energy needs of modern society, these countries for more than a dozen years had the opportunity to carry out a cartel conspiracy and get fabulous profits.
History of Moscow houses … (p. 13)Rebekah Frumkina“Love for the native ashes,” as I began to understand it, having experienced various irreplaceable losses, is a certain initial human need. And if the ashes are not directly "visible", they are imagined and invented. Material traces of what is about to finally become only ashes, over time acquire a special value – the value of evidence above all. The book by historian Dmitry Oparin and photographer Anton Akimov "Stories of Moscow Houses Told by Their Residents" allows any reader to get involved in the history of Moscow through stories about twenty-five Moscow houses built from the 17th century to the end of the 1920s.
"Right now, it hurts like a lady!" (p. 14)Natalia ReznikMany cockroaches are unpleasant, especially those living in houses – they carry the infection, spoil everything … However, the cockroach is also a tidbit for someone. The emerald cockroach wasp Ampulex compressa feeds its larvae with American cockroaches. The American cockroach Periplaneta americana is a rather large insect, from 3.5 to 5 cm in length, the wasp is several times smaller. To cope with the giant, emerald wasps have developed a sophisticated and specific way of hunting.